Comparison of brake systems

The braking system of a car is one of the most important systems in the car, and its performance is directly related to the safety of the car. Different types of cars use different braking systems. This article will introduce some common braking systems, and compare their advantages and disadvantages and applicable scenarios.

1. Traditional hydraulic brakes

Traditional hydraulic brakes are one of the most common braking systems. Its working principle is to use the pedal to transmit force to the brake, and then use the brake to apply force to brake on the wheel. The hydraulic braking system usually consists of a master cylinder, brake fluid, brakes, brake pads, and brake discs. Its advantages are simple structure, high reliability, and stable braking force, but its disadvantage is that it needs to step on the brake pedal when braking, and the braking distance is relatively long.

Applicable scenarios: Traditional hydraulic brakes are suitable for most models, including cars, SUVs, commercial vehicles, etc.

2. Carbon ceramic brakes

Carbon ceramic brake is a high-performance brake system, which is made of carbon fiber and ceramic materials, which has very high wear resistance and high temperature resistance. Carbon ceramic brakes not only have very high braking force, but also relatively quiet when braking. However, the cost of carbon ceramic brakes is very high, and maintenance and replacement are relatively difficult.

Applicable scenarios: Carbon ceramic brakes are usually used in high-performance models, such as racing cars, supercars, etc.

3. Magnetic suspension brake

Magnetic suspension brake is a braking system that uses magnetic suspension to brake. It works by using a magnetic field to suspend the brakes on the wheel axle, thereby achieving braking. The magnetic suspension brake has a very high braking force, relatively small noise during braking, and has no wear and tear, and has a very long service life. However, the cost of magnetic suspension brakes is very high, requiring high technology and maintenance costs.

Applicable scenarios: Magnetic suspension brakes are usually used in high-end luxury models and racing cars.

4. Electronic brake

With an electronically controlled braking system, it works by controlling the brakes to apply force through an electronic control unit (ECU). Electronic braking does not require a mechanical brake pedal, but controls the brakes through buttons or levers. Electronic brakes have the advantages of stable braking force, sensitive response, high safety, etc., and can realize automatic parking function, which is very convenient. However, it costs more than traditional hydraulic brakes and requires higher technology and maintenance costs.

Applicable scenarios: Electronic brakes are suitable for most models, especially high-end models and luxury models.

5. Hydraulic amplifier brake

A hydraulic amplifier brake is a brake system that uses fluid flow to generate pressure to increase braking force. The hydraulic amplifier brake has the advantages of large braking force, short braking distance, fast response during braking, etc., and does not need to be stepped on deeply. However, the braking force of hydraulic amplifier brakes is not stable enough and is easily affected by ambient temperature and humidity, requiring more frequent maintenance and maintenance.

Applicable scenarios: hydraulic amplifier brakes are usually used for heavy vehicles, such as trucks, excavators, etc.


Different types of braking systems have advantages and disadvantages and are suitable for different types of vehicles and applications. Traditional hydraulic brakes are suitable for most models, carbon ceramic brakes are suitable for high-performance models, magnetic suspension brakes are suitable for high-end luxury models and racing cars, electronic brakes are suitable for high-end models and luxury models, and hydraulic amplifier brakes are suitable for heavy vehicles. When choosing a braking system, it should be selected according to the purpose of the vehicle, performance requirements and budget.

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